The Old Army was comprised of thousands of pieces of government property (known in the 19th century as Public Property). The property was divided into the following categories:
Commissary (subsistence) stores included food, tobacco, candles, and soap.
This category consists of medicine, raw chemicals and compounds, medical instruments, dressings (bandages, sponges, splints, plaster, etc.), medical books and associated writing utensils, bedding, and furniture.
Ordnance stores were divided into 10 classes:
- Class 1 (cannon)
- Class 2 (artillery carriages)
- Class 3 (artillery implements and equipment)
- Class 4 (artillery projectiles unprepared for service)
- Class 5 (artillery projectiles partially and fully prepared for service)
- Class 6 (small arms, i.e. muskets, rifles, carbines, pistols, swords and sabers)
- Class 7 (accoutrements, implements, and equipment for small arms and horse equipment for cavalry)
- Class 8 (powder and ammunition for small arms)
- Class 9 (parts or incomplete sets of any item referenced in Classes 1-8)
- Class 10 (Miscellaneous, i.e. tools for items not referenced in Classes 1-9)
This category includes basically all other items and material purchased or used by the government: fuel, forage, building material, buildings, and public animals (horses, mules, and oxen). Another broad category was known as clothing, camp and garrison equipage (CC&GE) and included uniforms, tents, pots and pans, flags and guidons. The quartermaster was also responsible for transporting men and matériel via wagon, train, boat, etc.